J. Ni, et al, Carbon 2015. 92. 15

2015-10-18 9:46:38

A review on integrating nano-carbons into polyanion phosphatesand silicates for rechargeable lithium batteries

Carbon 2015. 92. 15

J. Ni*, L. Zhang, S. Fu, S. Savilov, S. Aldoshin, L. Lu

Lithium metal phosphate (Li2MPO4) and silicates (Li2MSiO4) (where M = Fe, Mn, and Co) are promising polyanion cathodes for rechargeable lithium batteries, owing to the inherent merits such as low cost, decent electrochemical property, and high stability. However, these merits have often been undermined by insufficient energy and power delivery due to poor Li extraction/insertion kinetics. It is generally believed that the extremely low conductivity, i.e. similar to 10(-9) s cm(-1) for phosphates and 10-(12)-10-(16) s cm(-1) for silicates at room temperature, in combination with slow Li ion diffusion could account for such sluggish Li cycling kinetics. To address this critical issue, it is essential to integrate well-defined nano-carbons such as one-dimensional (1D) carbon nanotube (CNT), two-dimensional (2D) graphene, and their three-dimensional (3D) assembly into polyanion materials. By constructing hybrid architectures, integrated composites could afford much improved activity towards Li storage versus the bare ones. In this short review, we summarize recent advance in integrating CNT, graphene, and their 3D assemblies into LiMPO4 and Li2MSiO4 cathodes, with particular emphasis on how the cathodes interact with carbon materials and their mechanism. We also conclude some general rules to engineer such integration structures to maximize their utilization towards Li storage.

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